Blocked milk duct:symptoms,causes,treatment and prevention

Blocked milk duct:symptoms include a hard lump, redness or swelling. milk stasis such as infrequent breastfeeding or inadequate milk removal are the main cause of blocked milk duct. Continue to breastfeed is the best treatment and doctor may give medicine to relieve pain and inflammation. Frequent nursing, feed baby with different positions, apply warm compresses and massage the breast before feeding are some measures that can prevent blocked milk duct.

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Mastitis:cause, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Mastitis:mastitis is caused by infection and milk staying in the breast like engorgement, plugged milk duct or inadequate milk removal. Symptoms of mastitis include intense pain, fever, breast warmth, breast swelling,nursing mothers will feel run down. Antibiotics is usually needed for treatment. Frequent nursing is the best way to prevent mastitis.

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Itchy nipples or thrush while breastfeeding

Itchy nipples or thrush while breastfeeding:thrush is the common cause for itchy nipples during breastfeeding. Thrush is caused by yeast infection. Thrush can be treated by using anti-fungal medication. To prevent itchy nipples or thrush, parents should clean pacifiers, nipples and other items that in contact with baby's mouth or nursing mother's nipples.

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Sore nipples: causes, treatment and prevention

Sore Nipples: improper positioning of the baby on the breast is the most important cause of nipple pain. Other causes of nipple pain include infection, tongue-tie in baby, teething, tight bra or breast pads or breast engorgement. Nipple pain may be solved by adjusting the position of the baby during breastfeeding. Measures which help to prevent nipple pain is also included.

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Breast engorgement: cause, treatment and prevention

Breast engorgement:most women will experience breast engorgement in day 2 to day 5 after birth as the breast milk first comes in. Symptoms of breast engorgement include swollen and painful breasts as well as flattened nipples. Nursing mothers can apply hot compress, cold compress to the breast to relieve the engorgement or improve the circulation. Apply cold vegetable like cabbage can also help to relieve the breast engorgement.

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How often to breastfeed:frequency and duration

Frequency and duration of breastfeed:nursing mother should practice breastfeeding on demand instead of scheduled breastfeeding as scheduled breastfeeding will lead to poorer long term academic outcome. In the first two months, breastfeeding mothers need to nurse baby about 8 to 12 times a day. The frequency will reduce to 6 or more time when baby is between 2 months to 6 months old and it reduces further to 3 to 5 times when baby is 6 months to 1 year old. Duration of breastfeeding should be between 10 minutes and 45 minutes.

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