The following vaccines are optional in Singapore. Please consult your doctor for advice on the doses, schedule and the fee for these optional vaccines.
1. Vaccine Against Haemophilus influzenza type B (Hib)
Haemophilus influenza type B is a virus that can cause serious disease in young children such as meningitis, sepsis or pneumonia.
If you sign up for 5-in-1 jab or 6-in-1 jab, vaccination against the haemophilus influenza type B is usually included.
2. Vaccine Against Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus that usually spread from contact with patient carrying the virus or eating food that is contaminated with this virus.
3. Vaccine Against Chicken pox
Chicken pox is also called Varicella; it is a common disease in children. It is usually a benign, but highly contagious disease and can spread from person to person through the air or contact with the fluid from the blister on the body of the affected person.
4. Rotavirus Vaccine
Rotavirus can cause acute gastroenteritis in infant and children. According to same statistics, nearly all children will have at least one rotavirus infection before reaching 5th birthday. In Singapore, 1 in 3 hospitalizations in Singapore due to diarrhea are caused by rotavirus. Infants between 3 to 24 months old are the high risk group.
5. Influenza Vaccine
Influenza is a contagious diseased caused by the influenza virus, usually spread out by coughing, sneezing or nasal secretion. Young children are in the high risk group.
Annual revaccination against certain strain is usually required.
6. Pneumococcal Vaccine
pneumococcal infection is a viral infection that may result in meningitis, sepsis, pneumonia, ear infection.
Every child likes toys. Toys bring fun to children and help with their IQ development, but it may also threaten their safety. According to a survey by the CASE in 2011, 46% of the toys surveyed is found to contain toxic chemicals. This article provides general guidelines on toy safety which parents can follow to safeguard their child against unnecessary risks that are caused by using dangerous toys.
All babies are curious, they will grab or touch objects that are new to them. Although this helps babies understand the surroundings, it endangers them as some objects like the knife and small toys can hurt them. It is therefore important for parents to do a thorough check on their flats, identify potential hazards in their homes and keep the dangerous objects away from the baby.